Workshop – University of Copenhagen

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NOLAN 2010 > Programme > Workshop

Workshop

18 workshops are presented at the 2010 NOLAN Conference. Deadline for abstracts: Closed. The workshops are:

1. Latin American Christianities in Motion

The past hundred years have witnessed massive changes in the field of Latin American Christianity. By launching the policy of inculturation, the Vatican II changed radically the Catholic missionary approach to peasant and indigenous Christianities influencing also people's everyday practice of religion. Liberation theology and the following eco- and
feminist theologies have had profound effects among both the ordinary people and the clergy. The 20th Century rapid spread of Protestant churches in Latin America has challenged the Catholic dominance and diversified the Christian scenery. Different Pentecostal and charismatic forms of Christianity have found fertile ground to grow among people of a variety of cultural and economical backgrounds. In cities, among peasants, mestizo/caboclo and indigenous peoples different forms of Christianity have been domesticated in distinct ways according to each cultural context. Although some of these developments have been amply
studied, the all the time changing religious or Christian scenery makes it topical to ask, where and what are Latin American Christianities at the moment and how they came into being?

The aim of this workshop is to examine the different forms Christianity has presently taken in Latin America and the processes through which these forms have come into existence. When spreading to new locations, Christianity and its different forms are not to be seen merely as
something carried along by the currents of modernization or globalization but as more complex processes depending on different social, cultural, political, economical perimeters. Consequently, we cannot know beforehand what Christianity in a given cultural setting is
like. Similarly, in cases of conversion from one form of Christianity to another, the reasons for and the outcomes of the processes are rarely obvious. The workshop invites contributions approaching these questions from a wide range of disciplines and a variety of perspectives ranging from the examination of local Christianities' relation to the socio-political environment, to people's interaction with missionaries and to the grassroots level analysis of local/peasant/indigenous peoples' Christianities.

2. Migration, Identity and Gender 

Up until the early 1990s, Latin-American Migration Studies have focused mainly on the experiences of men, their challenges and the resulting impact of migration on the migrant receiving communities in the United States. However, this analytical approach changed; Migration Studies increasingly began viewing this type of migration as a heterogeneous process. Globally, the move towards a gender conscious approach has led to a distinction in the migratory experience of women and men (see Stephen 2007.). This global trend can be said to have changed the course of Latin-American Migration Studies. Recently, several ethnographic accounts have had a clear gender perspective (Glockner 2006, Reyna 2008; Speed 2009 et al). This has seen a rise in studies focusing on the role of women in both the sending and receiving migrant communities. From this multi-logic perspective, gender, then, is a fluid cultural category, mediating and negotiating values and norms, defining, at the same time, the involvement of men and women in the migratory process.

This workshop will focus on some of the new analytical approaches. For this reason, we welcome papers dealing with gender topics relating to Migration Studies. We suggest the following topics:

  • The effects of out-migration of women on kinship structures, family relations and the political organization of different indigenous communities in Latin America.

  • The socio-economic challenges brought about by migration and gender disparity involved in the migratory process.

  • The role of women in movements working for the rights of migrants.

  • The effects of out-migration in sending communities on children, particularly since parents tend to leave children with grandparents. What is the effect of this development?

  • The role of culture on family patterns and gender relations in receiving communities.

3. Regional Governance and Regional Powers in Latin America

New regional powers are a prominent topic in international relations and international political economy. This research agenda is related to the role of regions and regional leaders in a multi-regional or a more multipolar world. Whereas the main focus has been on the role of regional leaders and the factors that facilitate or hamper such leadership at the multilateral level, there is a lack of studies about the dynamics and importance of such processes at the regional level. Regions, regional integration and regional structures of governance may also be important factors for claiming regional leadership and projecting it in both, regional and multilateral settings. Latin America's regional power, Brazil, has been an active actor in pursuing integration goals such as the formation of MERCOSUR, along with Argentina, and, especially, the newly launched UNASUR. Moreover, there are also countries that try to balance Brazil's regional leadership within these regional schemes such as Argentina. Venezuela articulates a more challenging pattern of competition with the regional leader within UNASUR as well as through the creation of its own regional platform, ALBA. Other countries like Chile, and now Peru, pursue a rather pragmatic and sometimes ambiguous pattern of regional integration by prioritising its own way of economic internationalisation through bilateral trade accords. Whereas this pragmatic approach to the region and its governance structures affects the regional governance system, the scope and depth of these effects for the dyadic regional governance-regional powers is still unclear. Even though there is clarity on how the process of integration unfolds in South America, there is not much knowledge on the results and consequences for the regional governance architecture of the interplay of power, interests, and norms coming from the regional power: Brazil, its contesters, its balancers, and its potential followers.

Therefore, this workshop seeks to asses the link amongst regional powers, regional integration and regional governance as well as the role of regional leaders, and secondary and small powers in the formation and function of the different extant structures of regional governance in Latin America. To study this interaction of regions, governance, and regional powers, we welcome contributions focusing on security, and economic issues, as well as on the geopolitical dimension of regional governance such as the role of alliances regarding the Latin American continent.

4. Struggles over Natural Resources in Latin America: Indigenous Peoples' Experiences

In a time of growing concern for conservation of natural resources, this workshop acknowledges the importance in the study of the relationship between human societies and the environment, but it insists on the importance of keeping the focus of analysis on human struggles to secure access to natural resources. This workshop is interested in discussing the experiences that have facilitated or undermined indigenous peoples' control over environmental resources (land, forest and water) and analyses existing experiences in Latin America.

In particular, this workshop seeks to analyze how disputed access to and use of environmental resources have led to social conflict and seeks to evaluate the impact these disputes have had on the rights of indigenous peoples to land and territory. In particular, the workshop discusses the impact that current global environmental pressures and concerns over natural resource extraction and conservation are taking on the rights of indigenous peoples. The panel is interested in contributions that put attention on the impact that disputed access to natural resources might have on local communities and the possibilities for combining this with a sustainable use of those resources; it is also interested in contributions exploring issues such as the impact of globalisation processes (e.g. biodiversity conservation, indigenous movements, free trade, foreign investment and/or NGO activism) that inform and serve as context to disputes over natural resources across Latin-America.

This multidisciplinary workshop discusses those processes and it is looking to illustrate its discussion with ongoing resource-based struggles. The workshop seeks to explain if indigenous peoples have had the chance to act autonomously or only as local enforcers of resource-use frameworks or as passive recipients of financial incentives designed with the intention of achieving compliance with biodiversity conservation. In this sense, the workshop will examine the impact of global environmental issues on indigenous communities; it will discuss the compatibility of the major concerns of governance at the level of the common rights of indigenous peoples. The workshop welcomes theoretical and empirical contributions from all disciplines dealing with this subject.

5. Local responses to global challenges. Desafíos de la globalización a los sistemas agroalimentarios en América Latina: Retos externos y respuestas locales

Please send your proposal and abstract to Kirsten Appendini: kirsten@colmex.mx by 1st of August.

Agri-food Systems in Latin America are challenged by globalization in a number of ways that have a broad and complex spectrum. First, food security attains to how food is produced and how people have access to food. In Latin America, small producers have been excluded from productive support by neoliberal policy and poverty has undermined access to food. Second, agricultural production faces constraints as to access to land -including insecure property rights- other resources such as water, credit, technology. Input and output markets have been restructured. Corporate agriculture and trade agents often have a dominant position in food commodity chains. This has changed the spatial distribution of agro-industry. Another consequence has been the implementation of international norms and standards on agricultural commodities. These trends have been reinforced by regional trade agreements such as NAFTA. Overall, small and medium farmers have been excluded from agri-food markets and are increasingly marginalized.

The impact of such complex transformations under neoliberal policy has had deep impact on rural livelihoods: changes in the structure of labor markets and migration have generational and gender implications. Social movements related to struggles over resources as well as movements for alternative food systems based on sustainable food systems that respond to local environments, including culture and identity have been enhanced.

At present neoliberal policies are under scrutiny in many Latin American countries and the role of the State is again being debated. There is a need to revise food policies in particular and rural development in general.

For this workshop we invite papers that focus on the issues related above, particularly on local responses and how people have contested the dominant agri-food system from below.

WE PARTICULARLY ENCOURAGE NORDIC RESEARCHER AND PH. D. STUDENTS TO PARTICIPATE in order to establish a dialogue with the Latin American participants in the workshop.

6. Varieties of Capitalism in Latin America

 The last 20 years had experienced an impressive expansion of the literature about varieties of capitalism. Different theoretical and methodological approaches have been applied to the study of how national economies and their many sub-systems relate to each other in order to promote economic development and cope with the challenges of a competitive globalized economy. One limitation of this literature, however, is that its analysis is almost exclusively centered on Western developed countries, ignoring almost completely other regions of the world such as Latin America. Latin American countries, in particular, during the last decades have been a fertile ground for economic experiments and institutional changes. From the liberalization waves of the 1980's and 1990's to the partial return of state intervention in the 2000's, Latin American countries have promoted an array of reforms. However, many economic institutions and practices have shown resistance to change and they often determine the real impact of economic interventions. The purpose of this workshop is to discuss how to apply the theoretical framework proposed by the varieties of capitalism approach to the study of Latin American political economies and whether it is possible to identify a Latin American variety of capitalism or many diverse ones.

7. Space and Place in Chicana/o Literature, Culture and Art

Chicana/o literature, culture and art tend to be both multicultural and interdisciplinary, and this workshop may explore any issues relevant to Chicana/o literature and cultural studies that discuss concepts of space, border and identity. The idea is to open this workshop to different perspectives, theoretical approaches, and methods as well as different literary and cultural studies that focus on the symbolical dimensions of particular species of space and place, such as particular regions, or mythical and founding notions such as that of Aztlan, the Frontier or the Borderland. The studies might traverse distinctions within culture expressions and specific genres - novels, corridos, folklore, poetry, drama, film, television, performance art etc. Presentations might also cover creative works by individual authors such as Gloria Anzaldúa, Cherríe Moraga, Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Daniel Chacón, Cultural Clash and others. In the exploration of space and place the workshop may also address race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, hybridity, and cultural citizenship.

Workshop's format
The participants each send a short paper (max. 5 pages / 2500 words) to the workshop coordinator at the latest, six weeks before the conference. The coordinator sends the papers to the group. Although the participants are required to read all the papers, the coordinator designates one person for each paper as the official opponent. At the workshop, each participant has max. 5 minutes to introduce his/her paper, after which the opponent starts the discussion of the paper, relating it - when possible - to other papers.

Papers should be in either English or Spanish.

8. Left Turn - Right Turn? Politics, discourse and new narratives of identity - ¿Giro a la izquierda o a la derecha? Política, discurso y nuevas narrativas de identidad

While the first decade of the 21st Century seemed characterized by an avalanche of center-left or radical left electoral victories, the year 2010 has been less favorable to the Latin American left. The victory of right wing presidential candidate Piñera en Chile, the partial defeat of Morales' candidates in Bolivia, the growing difficulties for Chávez in Venezuela are signs, if not of a crisis of an otherwise seemingly undefeatable left, at least of a lot more complex situation than the one often painted or imagined in the former years. Rather than declaring a ‘new (right) turn' or a crisis of the left, the aim of this work shop will be to discuss and analyze different aspects of the current, recent and future politics of Latin America. ‘Politics' will be understood in very broad sense, meaning not only formal politics related to political parties, movements and elections, but also the ‘political' in the sense of the political dimensions of other phenomena and other dimensions of politics. Among the themes to be studied could be: the current situation of the left in the region and in different national contexts, the situation and perspectives of the radical alternatives (e.g. Bolivia and Venezuela), populism and national-popular discourse, new narratives of nations and politics, the political right and its strategies for recovery, regional and global alliances, ALBA and others. The list is by no means exhaustive, and contributions from different disciplines, including social and political sciences and humanities, are most welcome.

The sessions will be in English and Spanish. If you wish to speak in Portuguese, please contact the organizer.

9. Vías a la interpretación

  • Patricia Puiz Bravo
  • Gonzalo Portocarrero
  • Christina Hee Pedersen, University of Roskilde (Dinamarca); chp@ruc.dk

Se trata de crear un espacio de intercambio de experiencias entre investigadores sociales. Lo original de la propuesta es que no se discutirán tanto los resultados sino la manera en que se ha llegado a ellos, la significación social del conocimiento producido, y, sobre todo, la reflexión sobre la medida en que la ubicación social del investigador afecta su metodología y sus conclusiones. Los presupuestos de este intercambio están inspirados por la epistemología post-estructuralista y la ontología de la complejidad. Es decir, en vez de asumirse una realidad única que puede ser objetivamente captada por un sujeto íntegro, idéntico a sí mismo, se constata que la realidad es múltiple y que el conocimiento no puede agotarla, solo se puede aproximar a la realidad; y, de otro lado, se reconoce que el sujeto de la enunciación es opaco y fragmentario. Estos supuestos hacen que el diálogo no sea simplemente un espacio de verificación de una "verdad" establecida sino la base que permite construir elaboraciones más potentes, hipótesis más comprensivas, que calan más en las complejidades de la realidad. El propio proceso de investigación debe también ser sujeto de investigación. Y se trata precisamente de lograr un diálogo que nos haga más conscientes de nuestros límites y posibilidades en el proceso de interpretación.

10. Taller sobre medios para difundir temas latinoaméricanos en la preparatoria y en la universidad

La mesa redonda discutirá los diferentes medios a los cuales se puede recurrir para abordar temas latinoamericanos en la enseñanza. Un primer tema propone abordar la utilización de películas como reflejo de la sociedad, un modo también de abordar temas complejos como la disidencia política, las problemáticas étnicas y raciales, la sexualidad. Se discutará el uso de cine documental, de telenovelas y de ficción - tomando en cuenta el auge actual del cine latinoamericano, de los videoclip y de la publicidad en la enseñanza. Un segundo tema abarca al material escrito, tanto material impreso - discutiendo lo último que se ha publicado en Dinamarca respecto a Latino América - como paginas web complementarias de los libros de educación, y los libros digitales interactivos.

11. Migration and Latinos

  • Helene Balslev, University of Aarhus (Dinamarca); helenebalslev@hotmail.com
  • Mario Velázquez, Colegio de Sonora (México); mar_002@hotmail.com
Esta mesa redonda se centrará en la comunidad de latinos que viven en Estados Unidos. El enfoque del transnacionalismo nos permitirá abarcar un amplio rango de temas migratorios o de cambio social relativos a este grupo que estudiamos. El transnacionalismo permite analizar las consecuencias políticas que tienen las conexiones socioculturales entre las sociedad involucradas en el fenómeno migratorio. Las interacciónes regulares y sostenidas entre sociedad son parte de las vidas de los migrantes. Estas conexiones e intercambios se producen en dimensiones y localidades mútiples. Los migrantes han incrementado su vida transnacional, donde lo económico, político y cultural esta ligando al menos a dos países. La movilidad y el transnacionaliso han dado origen a un rango de cambios sociales o políticos, por ejemplo en relación a la organización, normas e ideas de la democracia y los derechos -generalmente esta misma determina las remesas sociales y políticas. Muchos migrantes se relacionan de varias formas con sus países de origen y  otros lugares. ¿Qué son estas visiones y lealtades? ¿Cuál es la relación entre la posición de los migrantes en sus paises de residencia y su participación en actividades transnacionales?

El foco central de esta wokshop son las condiciones y procesos de participación, pertenencia, reconocimiento e inclusión/exclusión en un mundo en el cual las fronteras experimentan tranformaciones, donde la soberanía es cuestionada y donde la imagen de otros es presentada con varias caras, no sólo más allá de las fronteras estatales pero cada vez más dentro de ellas

 All proposals are welcome but we are particularly interested in research papers that focus on transnational identities and fall within one or several of following areas:

1) Economic, social and cultural relationships between immigrant sending communities in  Latin America and Latino communities in the US

2) Social, political and cultural interactions of Latinos with other ethnic and racial groups in the US, including different Latino communities

3) Cultural and artistic representations of Latino experiences between the US and the sending communities

4) Latino political mobilization and participation in the US.

12. Bloques comerciales y procesos migratorios: experiencias regionales

Los bloques comerciales regionales aluden a propuestas estructurales para asignarle un papel determinado a los flujos migratorios, sin considerar que tales propuestas no convergen con los procesos sociales, causando con ello tensiones y conflictos diversos, particularmente con los frujos de migrantes indocumentados. Así, mientras que los gobiernos intensifican acciones de control migratorio y de fronteras carentes de medidas de corte social, las migraciones muestran versatilidad que en el corto plazo encuentra obstáculos para migrar y de estadía en los países de destino, pero a mediano y largo plazo se mantiene una tendencia creciente al engrosamiento de flujos, diversificación y aparición de nuevos agentes y prácticas sociales. De ahí la importancia de analizar distintas experiencias relativas a los bloques comerciales y circuitos o procesos migratorios.

13. Brazilian Cities in the XXI Century - Problems, Solutions, Expressions

  • Vinicius Mariano de Carvalho, University of Aarhus (Dinamarca); romvmc@hum.au.dk
  • Johanna Hoerning, University of Goethe (Alemania)

This workshop observes the Brazilian metropolis in the beginning of this century from a multidisciplinary approach, involving literature, sociology, anthropology, and geography. The general idea is to examine the ways in which problematic aspects are accentuated in the organization of contemporary urban Brazil from various points of view. Particular attention will paid to the growing social disruption and the proposed solutions to solving these problems, focusing on solutions proposed by the urban residents themselves rather than the ones proposed by the Government. Finally, it will examine the ways in which how urban residents react to solutions expressed these problems.

14. Post-Recognition Indigenous Movements and the State in Latin America

Since Latin American colonization, systematic exclusion of indigenous citizens has generally been the norm in ethnically divided localities. Even in the context of democratizing Latin American societies of the late 20th Century, the discrimination of indigenous peoples can be considered among the most difficult shortcomings. Since the 1990s, however, several countries have been characterized by constitutional rewritings and legal reform processes aiming at enhancing political participation at sub-national levels. As a result, there has been an increasing legal recognition of the collective rights of indigenous peoples. In Bolivia and Ecuador, for example, the new politics of recognition are inserted into new constitutions which declare the state to be pluri-national and intercultural. The latter concept, which will be particularly addressed in this workshop, is based on a vision of creating social harmony in a society of diverse ethnic populations, while similarly recognising the existence of racist and exclusionary structures. In this respect, cultural diversity is viewed as a strengthening factor for society. Post-recognition in the workshop title refers to the period following the constitutional recognition of indigenous civil and collective rights. With a particular focus on the altering relationships between indigenous movements and the state apparatuses at different political-territorial levels - including various forms of interaction with non-indigenous actors - the workshop deals with aspects such as strategy choices and the challenges and opportunities that emerge as a result of intercultural and post-recognition politics. The workshop especially invites scholars with an interest in Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala, but also proposals that deals with these issues in other Latin American contexts.

15. Nations and relations in a contemporary globalized context: Identity constructon in the Caribbean

  • Myriam Coco; University of Bergen (Noruega); Myriam.Coco@if.uib.no
  • Leiv Marsteintredet; University of Bergen (Noruega); Leiv.Marsteintredet.isp.uib.no

This interdisciplinary workshop will invite participants to come together and discuss forms of identity construction in a contemporary globalized context in the Caribbean. Due to early confluences of radically different cultures in the Caribbean, some scholars have called it "the first globalized area in the world", and they have characterized the area by terms like "transculturation", "hybridization" and "creolization". These concepts have become useful tools in attempts to form distinct Caribbean identities in a postcolonial context. The subsequent openness has, on the other hand, always been countered by discourses which come into play to exclude "the other" - through racist, classist, sexist, machista and homophobic attitudes - and the linguistic barriers between the Caribbean countries constitute a challenge to communication, which has to be taken seriously. In today's globalized context, the topic of identity construction has become further complicated/enriched by the great extent of migration, demanding new narratives of the nation and other forms of collective identities. On a political level, the initiative of ALBA has been considered a "bolivarian" alternative to the US-led ALCA, with a potential for regional integration.

The aim of this workshop is to initiate a scholarly interchange in order to analyze Caribbean identity construction from different linguistic areas (Dutch, English, French, Spanish), and from different fields of research (literature, film, art, linguistics, didactics, history, social anthropology, religion, philosophy, geography, archeology and political science). Topics may include but are not limited to: geography and identity, race/ethnicity, migration, diasporas, cultural/linguistic hybridity, postcolonial perspectives, gender/sexuality, popular culture, nation building and regional integrati.

16. Women travel writers

On Women travel writers: those from Europe reporting on travels in Latin America compared with latin american women writing about their travels to Europe.
Writers to include: Flora Tristan, Mme Calderon de la Barca,
Sybille Bedford.

17. The women's situation and movements in Latin America entering the second decade of the 21st century: advances and backlashes

  • Edmé Domínguez-HAINA, University of Göteborg (Suecia); edme.dominguez@globalstudies.gu.se 
  • María Medina, University of Göteborg (Suecia); maria.medina@globalstudies.gu.se

Latin America has left behind the dark hours of dictatorships, transition to democracy has become more or less consolidated and leftist orientated regimes have succeeded to remain in power in several countries. But what about the women's situation? Has it advanced in the same measure as democracy at the political, social, economic and health level? Have the women's movements increased and become stronger vis a vis the state, the national and multinational privates sectors and their own communities? Are Latin American more conscious than before of their own rights? These are the questions and issues this panel invites to discuss through paper contributions